Print Page

Environmental Studies and Sciences

Director: Frank T. Kuserk

The environmental studies and sciences program at Moravian College acquaints students with the myriad environmental issues that face us today. It seeks to develop a framework in which students can work closely with faculty and one another to analyze problems, test assumptions, and debate issues as they affect our lives as citizens of our community, our nation, and the world. The perspective we seek to develop is strongly interdisciplinary, incorporating the natural sciences as well as economics, history, philosophy, and political science. In addition, it is designed to transcend national boundaries. All students in the program, regardless of their area of concentration, will share important common experiences, including a unique capstone course in which they will work in teams to investigate environmental issues.

Students who pursue environmental majors at Moravian have the option of earning either a B.S. in environmental science or a B.A. in environmental policy and economics. All students in both majors will have a shared body of knowledge through common coursework before the upper-level courses in their respective tracks, and through the capstone seminar course, which B.S. and B.A. students will take in combined sections. The balance of shared experience and field-specific knowledge is designed to foster cooperative work and learning among students and faculty.


As prerequisites to the program, all students must take Economics 152 and a course in statistics (Mathematics 107 or Economics 156), preferably before the spring term of the sophomore year.

The Common Environmental Studies and Sciences Core

Students in both tracks are required to take six course units in a common core of study. Five courses are designed to create a foundation that fosters understanding of this interdisciplinary field. The final writing-intensive course, which should be taken in the senior year, is intended specifically to teach and demonstrate research methods through integrative group research projects and presentations.

All students majoring in environmental studies and sciences must take the following courses in the common environmental studies core.
   Environmental 110 Introduction to Environmental Studies
   Earth Science 110 Introductory Geology
   Economics 240 Environmental Economics
   Political Science 237 Public Policy and Administration
   Philosophy 250 Environmental Philosophy
   Environmental 370 Environmental Studies Seminar

The B.S. Track in Environmental Science

Students in the B.S. track in environmental science must take the following six courses in addition to those in the core.
   Biology 112 General Zoology
   or Biology 119 Introductory Botany
   Biology 360 Ecology
   Chemistry 113-114 General Chemistry I and II
   Chemistry 205 Environmental Chemistry
   Earth Science 210 Introductory Geographic Information Systems
Students in the environmental science track must also complete at least two of the following.
   Biology 225 Invertebrate Zoology
   Biology 235 Microbiology
   Biology 240 Biology of Mammals
   Biology 250 Animal Behavior
   Chemistry 211 Organic Chemistry I
   Chemistry 212 Organic Chemistry II
   Chemistry 222 Quantitative Analysis
   Earth Science 120 Meteorology
   Physics 109 Introductory Physics for the Life Sciences I
   Physics 110 Introductory Physics for the Life Sciences II
   Physics 111 Introductory Physics I
   Physics 112 Introductory Physics II
   Environmental 286,
Independent Study
   Environmental 288,
   Environmental 400-401 Honors
Appropriate advanced courses offered as special topics or by other LVAIC institutions may be substituted as electives with the prior approval of the program director.

The B.A. Track in Environmental Policy and Economics

Students who intend to pursue the B.A. track in environmental policy and economics must take the following three courses in addition to those in the core.
   Economics 241 Natural Resource Management
   Political Science 240 Environmental Policy
   Political Science 340 Energy Policy
They must also take three of the following electives:
   Economics 228 Economic Development
   Economics 330 Public Finance
   Economics 336 International Economics
   Earth Science 210 Introductory Geographic Information Systems
   History 260 Environmental History
   Political Science 110 The American Political System
   Political Science 115 International Politics: How the World Works
   Sociology 312 Environmental Law
   Environmental 286,
Independent Study
   Environmental 288,
   Environmental 400-401 Honors
Appropriate advanced courses offered as special topics or by other LVAIC institutions may be substituted as electives with the prior approval of the program director.

A cooperative program with Duke University in natural resource management is available. Please see the section on Natural Resource Management in this catalog.


110. Introduction to Environmental Studies. Introduction to the principles of ecology and the relationship of humans to their environment. Emphasis on scientific, social, philosophical, and economic factors related to global environmental issues. Topics include agriculture and food production, water and air pollution, energy use and its environmental effects, toxic waste, and renewable/nonrenewable resources.

370. Environmental Studies Seminar. Designed to apply research methods to current environmental issues. Students will research and present written and oral reports on the general topic. Emphasis is on the development of skills in using primary literature, analysis and interpretation of data, and the communication of ideas. Writing-intensive.

190-199, 290-299, 390-399. Special Topics.

286, 381-384. Independent Study.

288, 386-388. Internship.

400-401. Honors.