Moravian College's master of education degree in curriculum and instruction has been designed to fit the specific needs of practicing teachers. Each course in the program is immediately applicable to the classroom, with an underlying philosophy of reflective teaching and a focus on action research. This thirty-six credit program requires no admission exams or entrance essays, only a sincere interest in improving teaching practice. Courses are available to all certified teachers and may be taken as part of the larger M.Ed. program, to satisfy Act 48 requirements, or simply for intellectual and professional enrichment. The course descriptions provided here are based upon reasonable projections of faculty and facility availability. Course offerings are subject to change based on changes in circumstances upon which these projections were based and as deemed necessary by the College to fulfill its role and mission. Moravian also offers certifications for ESL, Reading Specialist, Principal, and Supervisory.