research papers mimic the work of scholars. First, they must locate
the relevant scholarship on their research topic in books, journal
articles, bibliographies, and other sources. Then they need to
read and think about what has been said on the question they've
raised. Finally, they write a paper which synthesizes, or combines,
the thinking of scholars and their own thinking about the subject.
Second, students, like scholars, must be scrupulous in identifying
those parts of their papers which reflect the ideas of others
and those which are original to them. This is done by making clear
in the text whose ideas are being presented and by documenting
the work of others. To do otherwise is to plagiarize.