Section 5 Web Myths > URLs > Search Engines > Special Directories > Exercise > Precision Searching Strategies > Exercise

URLs or Internet Addresses

One way to search the Web is to enter a URL, a Uniform Resource Locator, to retrieve a page or access a site. The URL is the Internet address of a file. Files are stored on a host computer connected to the Internet. When you type in a URL, Web software programs use it to retrieve the file from the host computer and the directory in which it resides. This file is then displayed on the monitor connected to your local machine.

URLs consist of several parts. Move your mouse over the URL below to identify each part.

protocol:// host/ path/ filename



Here's a breakdown of the URL for the library homepage :

The Protocol is http (hypertext transfer protocol is the standard protocol for a Web page)

The server in this URL consists of the following:

Host computer name: www (World Wide Web)
Second-level domain name (or location of the server): moravian
Top-level domain name (or type of connection): edu

The pathname of the file consists of the following:

Directory name: public
File name: reeves

Click on
next below for useful information about top-level domains.

© Reeves Library, Moravian College and Moravian Theological Seminary greyhound image © Morgan Conn, used with permission. Site designed by Ashley Garrett and Dorothy Glew.