Arts Education Models
models of arts education are practiced in U.S. schools:
Creative, Self-Expressive Model.
This traditional approach is used in many schools. Its goal is to
allow students to express themselves through the arts and help them
develop the skills needed to make or perform works of art. In many
schools, arts classes provide release time for classroom teachers,
as the arts classes are taught in isolation from the rest of the
This model is intended to help students understand and
appreciate the arts from four perspectives: aesthetics, criticism,
history, and production and performance. It is based on arts
education standards, including National Standards for Arts
Education, that outline content and achievement standards for
dance, music, theatre, and visual art at the elementary, middle, and
high school levels. Many states have adapted parts of these national
standards within their own state guidelines.
This approach exposes students to visual and performing artists at
work in their communities, to expand their understanding and
appreciation of the arts and develop future audiences for the arts.
Examples of practices in this model include a field trip to the
local museum and attendance at a young people’s concert given by the
local symphony orchestra.
Across the Curriculum.
This is the interdisciplinary or integrated curriculum model used in
The Arts in Every Classroom workshop. It responds to many
needs, including deepening learning within current time constraints,
addressing the different ways students learn, and making learning
more relevant to students (real-world connections). In this model,
the curriculum typically is developed by a teacher or team of
teachers and starts from one of three places:
Major ideas within disciplines (art, math, science, etc.);
Major problems whose solutions require the use of various
subject matter and methods; or
Methods of thinking, inquiry, or study specific to various
disciplines. Students need to learn about the arts
themselves and apply the skills that come from arts
awareness to other areas.
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Integrated Unit: A Tropical Rainforest