History 210: Ancient Greece

Spring Term, 2004




This course is an introduction to the history of the ancient Greek peoples through the reign of Alexander II ("the Great) of Macedon. Greek works beginning with the Odyssey and concluding with a dialogue of Plato provide the focus of the course. Topics to be discussed include the development and history of the major poleis ("city-states"); the evolution of a uniquely Greek intellectual and artistic culture; and the beginning of the diffusion of Hellenic culture throughout the Mediterranean and beyond.


Texts: Sarah B. Pomeroy, Stanley M. Burstein, Walter Donlan & Jennifer Tolbert Roberts. Ancient Greece: A Political, Social and Cultural History. NY & Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1999. [= PBDR]

Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Robert Fitzgerald. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. 1963.

Herodotus. The History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1998..

Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. Available in print form (optional) or on the Internet. (For URL, see below.)

Plato. Apology of Socrates. Available in print form (optional) or on the Internet. (For URL, see below.)

Selected readings in Greek sources, available on the Internet. (URLs listed next to each assignment.)


Academic Honesty:

Preparation of all assignments (including examinations) is governed by the rules outlined in the document, "Academic Honesty at Moravian College." Failure to abide by these rules will have severe consequences including failure in the course.



Plagiarism will result in a failing grade in the course.



Regular attendance at lectures and discussions is strongly recommended. No more than three unexcused cuts will be permitted. After a fourth unexcused absence a student's name will be turned in to the Dean of Students. The student will be interviewed by a member of the Dean's staff to discuss the reasons for the excessive absences.



Absences will be excused only upon receipt of a note from the Dean of Students' staff or a physician.



Make-up examinations will be given only upon receipt of a letter from a doctor.



Written assignments are due by the end of the class on the days announced. Overdue assignments will be reduced in grade.


Research Papers: Prepare a 5-page research paper on a topic of your choice in which you have a personal interest. Think about what matters to you.

The topic must be approved in advance by the instructor. Submit three paragraphs, minimum, describing what you want to study, why it interests you (e.g. connection to your major, other courses you have taken), and how you propose to go about the project. Include a brief schedule of your work (dates at which you expect to complete your research, finish your outline, complete a first draft, complete final draft). Submit two copies of your proposal: one for the instructor, the other for the librarians' use.



Format: 12 pt. Type; double-spaced; 1.5 in. left margin, other margins 1 in.



Use the MLA system for documenting sources (described in Diana Hacker, The Bedford Handbook for Writers, 3rd ed., sections 54a-55b. (Copies available in the Writing Center, Zinzendorf 1.)



Use a minimum of 8 sources not including encyclopedias and encyclopedias (except when these have been approved).



Take advantage of the Writing Center in Zinzendorf Hall. Tutors will read and critique drafts of papers, pointing out areas needing improvement. The tutors do not revise papers nor do they grade them.


Important dates: 1/26, Brief Paper 1

2/23, Brief Paper 2

3/1, Midterm examination

3/29, Brief Paper 3

4/19, Research Paper


Grades:  4 quizzes: 10 pts.
  Midterm examination: 20 pts.
  3 brief papers: 15 pts.
  Research paper: 30 pts.
  Final examination: 25 pts.


1/12 How we study ancient Greece

Martin Luther King Day: holiday


 Homer, Odyssey Bks. 1-6.

Linear B:


PBDR Chapter 1

1/26 Homer, Odyssey Bks. 7-12

Brief Paper 1. Greek Gods: Choose one and discuss any 3 of his/her images:


1/28  PBDR Chapter 2

Homer, Odyssey Bks. 13-18.

Quiz 1.


 PBDR Chapter 3.

Read fragments of Xenophanes, pages 67-71 on the following web site:


Hoplites fighting:


2/9 Homer, Odyssey Bks. 19-24
2/11  PBDR Chapter 4
2/16 Herodotus, Bk. 1 

Sappho, "Immortal Aphrodite":



PBDR Chapter 5.

Quiz 2 .

Herodotus, Bk. 5. (Note especially 5. 66-81, 89-94, and 6.131.1).

Reforms of Cleisthenes:

Aristotle. Politics, Book 3,Chap. 3, 1275b 34-39:


Search for paragraph beginning: "There is a greater difficulty."

Aristotle. Politics, Book 6, Chap. 4, 1319b 19-27


Search for "Measures like those which Cleisthenes passed ."

Aristotle. Constitution of the Athenians , Chaps. (= Parts) 20-21, esp. 21:



Brief paper 2: The trireme:


2/25 Herodotus, Bk. 7.
3/1  Midterm examination
3/3  PBDR Chapter 6
3/15 Term paper topic statements due
3/17  PBDR Chapter 7
3/22  Quiz 3.

The "Archaeology" of Thucydides, Book 1, 1-21 (listed as "Chapter 1" on the following web site):


NB: The web site will allow you to download text-only versions of each book of Thucydides. 

The outbreak of the Peloponnesian War: Thucydides Book 2, 34-65 (Chapters 6-7 on web site):


To locate the reading, open the page and search for "In the same winter." The assigned passage ends at "After ravaging the plain.


Visit to Reeves Library.

3/29 PBDR Chapter 8.

Brief paper 3.

Civil war in Corcyra: Thucydides Book 3, 69-88 (Chapter 10 on web site):


To locate, search for "During the same summer, after the reduction of Lesbos."



Sophocles' Antigone:


Theater at Epidauros:


4/5 PBDR Chapter 9

 Plato, Apology of Socrates:


Quiz 4

4/12 PBDR Chapter 10

 Plutarch, Alexander 9-10:


To locate, search for "While Philip went on his expedition against the Byzantines." Passage ends: "treating Cleopatra inhumanly in his absence."

Diodorus Siculus 16. 91-17.1


Aristotle, Politics Book 5, Chap. 10. 1311a25-b4.


Search for paragraph beginning "The ends sought by conspiracies against monarchies."

Photos of royal tombs at Vergina and Leukadia, Perseus web page on Vergina (57 images).



PBDR Chapter 11.

Research paper due.

4/26 PBDR Chapter 12.
4/28 What became of Greece?

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