Revised January, 2007


Popular (Rock and Roll)




A Million Years Ago sung by Vikki Carr

Earth Story by Nicholus Gunn

Frozen in Time sung by the Thompson Twins

In the Beginning sung by Genesis

Pithecanthropus Erectus performed by Charlie Mingus and his sextet

Time sung by Pink Floyd

Time out of Mind sung by Steely Dan

Time Table sung by Genesis - "and the weak must die according to nature's law"


     Rocks and Minerals


Diamonds and Pearls sung by Prince

Diamonds are a Girl's Best Friend

Down Like a Rock sung by Laura Branigan

Heart of Gold sung by the Kinks

I Am a Rock sung by Simon and Garfunkle

Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds sung by the Beatles

Moon Rocks sung by the Talking Heads

Rock of Ages

Seven Stores sung by Genesis

Shine on You Crazy Diamond sung by Pink Floyd

Solid as a Rock sung by Ashford and Simpson

Stand Up on the Rock sung by Phoebe Snow

Third Stone from the Sun sung by Jim Hendrix

You Remind Me of Gold sung by the Human League


     Earthquakes and Volcanoes


Dance on a Volcano sung by Genesis

Earthquakes and Sharks by Brandtson

Fire and Ice sung by Poison

I Felt the Earth Move sung by Freda Payne

Lava sung by the B52's

Ring of Fire sung by Social Distortion

Shake, Rattle and Roll sung by Bill Haley

Shaky Ground sung by Phoebe Snow

The Carpet Crawlers sung by Genesis - "The liquid has congealed which has seeped out of the crack.."

They Tell Me the Fault Line Runs Right Through Here sung by Mama Cass

Volcano by Jimmy Buffet



     Weathering and Mass Wasting


Foggy Mountain Breakdown sung by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band

Quicksand sung by Martha and the Vandellas

Riding the Scree sung by Genesis ("..but the rocks are tumbling all around me..")

Slip Slidin Away sung by Simon and Garfunkle

 Wind and Desert Features


Blow Away sung by Kate Bush

Blowin' In the Wind sung by Peter Paul and Mary

Divine Wind sung by Blue Oyster Cult

Dust in the Wind sung by Kansas

Let the Four Winds Blow sung by Fats Domino

Restless Wind sung by Cokie Grant

Tea in the Sahara sung by The Police

They Call the Wind Myriah sung by Frankie Lane

Wind Song sung by John Denver

Windy sung by Andy Williams


     Ice Features


After the Snow sung by Modern English

Avalanche by Over It.

Cold as Ice sung by Foreigner

Ice sung by Crack the Sky

Running on Ice sung by Billy Joel

Snow sung by Claudine Longet

Snowbound sung by Genesis

Trapped Under Ice sung by Metallica


     Running Water


Blue Bayou performed by Frank Chackfield

Blue Danube composed by Richard Strauss

Bridge Over Trouble Waters sung by Simon and Garfunkle

Canyon byPaul Winters

Cool Cool Water sung by the Beach Boys

Cry Me A River sung by Johnny Ray

Cumberland Gap sung by the New River Boys

Driftwood sung by the Moody Blues

High Water sung by Rush

In the Cave sung by Genesis

Island Girl

Lost in the Flood sung by Bruce Springsteen

Moonlight on Havasu Creek by Nicholus Gunn

Northwest Passage performed by Woody Herman

Old Man River

Red River Valley performed by 101 Strings

Ripples sung by Genesis

River Deep, Mountain High sung by Ike and Tina Turner

River of Dreams sung by Billy Joel

River Song sung by the Beach Boys

Swamp sung by Talking Heads

The River sung by Bruce Springsteen

Volga Boatman (from Dr. Zhivago) performed by 101 Strings

Watching the River Run sung by Loggins and Messina



     Ocean Features


An Ocean Between by this Providence

Ebb Tide sung by Frank Sinatra

How Deep is the Ocean

Love's Crashing Waves sung by Difford and Tilbrook

Molly on the Strand by Percy Granger

Oceans sung by Pearl Jam

On Silver Waves

Ripplin Waters sung by John Denver

Ride the Wild Surf sung by Jan and Dean

Sand and Foam sung by Dan Fogelberg

Storm on the Sea sung by the Thompson Twins

Stranger on the Shore performed by 101 Strings

Surf Route 101 sung by Jan and Dean

Surfin' Safari sung by the Beach Boys

Surf's Up sung by the Beach Boys

The Ocean sung by Led Zeppelin

The Tide is High sung by Blondie

Undertow sung by Genesis

Your Own Special Way sung by Genesis ("..a place where the sea runs underneath..")




Climb Every Mountain (from the Sound of Music) sung by Peggy Wood

Climbing Over Rocky Mountain (from the Pirates of Penzance) composed by Gilbert and Sullivan

Gonna Build A Mountain (from Stop the World, I Want to Get Off) by Bricuse and Newley

Hall of the Mountain King

Hello Earth sung by Kate Bush

Mother Earth’s Routine by Tom Chapin

One More Mountain sung by Vikki Carr

Planet Earth sung by Kate Bush

Rocky Mountain High sung by John Denver

When the Moon Comes Over the Mountain sung by Kate Smith

White Mountain sung by Genesis




Alpine Symphony by Richard Strauss

Appalachian Spring by Copland

Antarctic Symphony by Ralph Von Williams

Carnival of Animals (Fossils) by Saint Saens

Das Lied von de Erde (The Song of the Earth) by Mahler

Dialogue du Vent et la Mer (from La Mer) by Debussy - the restless motion of the sea on a shore

Fingel's Cave by Mendelsson

Grand Canyon Suite by Ferde Grofe

Hall of the Mountain King from the Peer Gynt Suite by Grieg

La Mer (The Sea) by Claude Debussy

New World Symphony by Dvorak

Night on Bald Mountain by Mussorgsky

Oceanides by Sibelius

On the Steppes of Central Asia by Borodin

Orpheus in the Underworld by Offenbach

Sinfonia Antarctica by Vaughan Williams

Symphonic Metamorphosis by Hindenmith

The Moldau by Smetna (a trickle grows downstream into a mighty river)

The River by Virgil Thompson

The Rock by Rachmaninoff

The Planets by Holst

The Tides of Hamburg by Telemann

The Wind in the Plain (Prelude) by Claude Debussy

Water Music by Handel


*   Many of the classical musical references come from Charles C. Plummer,

    "Music to Soothe the Savage Physical-Geology   Student," Journal of

    Geological Education , vol. 36, pp. 88-89, 1988.